Identification of hen egg yolk-derived phosvitin phosphopeptides and their effects on gene expression profiling against oxidative stress-induced Caco-2 cells.

Abstract : Oxidative stress is involved in the initiation and propagation of chronic intestinal pathologies. Bioactive peptides such as egg yolk-derived phosvitin phosphopeptides (PPP3) have been previously shown to reduce in vitro oxidative stress by up-regulating glutathione synthesis and antioxidant enzyme activities. Peptide and gene expression profile analysis of the PPP3 peptides can provide insight into structures involved in signal transduction mechanisms in the antioxidative stress response. The objectives of this research were to identify the PPP3 amino acid sequences before and after simulated gastrointestinal digestion and to assess the genes influenced by PPP3. Peptide sequences were analyzed using ESI Q-TOF-MS/MS, and the expression profile of 84 human oxidative stress and antioxidant defense genes were analyzed. Undigested PPP3 was composed of three main peptides: GTEPDAKTSSSSSSASSTATSSSSSSASSPNRKKPMDE (phosvitin-PV residues 4-41), NSKSSSSSSKSSSSSSRSRSSSKSSSSSSSSSSSSSSKSSSSR (PV residues 155-197), and EDDSSSSSSSSVLSKIWGRHEIYQ (PV residues 244-257) and their fragments. There was limited degradation of PPP3 after gastrointestinal digestion as deduced from the fragment sizes of digested PPP3, which ranged from 5 to 32 amino acids. These fragments were rich in contiguous serines and, in some cases, monoesterified with phosphate. Both undigested and digested PPP3 significantly reduced IL-8 secretion in H(2)O(2)-induced Caco-2 cells, indicating that antioxidative stress bioactivity is retained upon digestion. After PPP3 pretreatment, antioxidant genes associated with oxygen and reactive oxygen species (ROS) metabolism and cellular responses to chemical stimulus, oxidative stress, and ROS are up-regulated in the presence and absence of oxidative stress, thereby contributing to the prevention of intestinal oxidative stress and the promotion of gut health.
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Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, American Chemical Society, 2011, 59 (17), pp.9207-18. 〈10.1021/jf202092d〉
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https://hal-agrocampus-ouest.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00729282
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Soumis le : vendredi 7 septembre 2012 - 15:31:10
Dernière modification le : mercredi 21 mars 2018 - 16:08:07

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D. Young, Françoise Nau, M. Pasco, Y. Mine. Identification of hen egg yolk-derived phosvitin phosphopeptides and their effects on gene expression profiling against oxidative stress-induced Caco-2 cells.. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, American Chemical Society, 2011, 59 (17), pp.9207-18. 〈10.1021/jf202092d〉. 〈hal-00729282〉

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