Microbial and chemical markers: runoff transfer in animal manure-amended soils

Abstract : Fecal contamination of water resources is evaluated by the enumeration of the fecal coliforms and Enterococci. However, the enumeration of these indicators does not allow us to differentiate between the sources of fecal contamination. Therefore, it is important to use alternative indicators of fecal contamination to identify livestock contamination in surface waters. The concentration of fecal indicators (, enteroccoci, and F-specific bacteriophages), microbiological markers (Rum-2-bac, Pig-2-bac, and ), and chemical fingerprints (sterols and stanols and other chemical compounds analyzed by 3D-fluorescence excitation-matrix spectroscopy) were determined in runoff waters generated by an artificial rainfall simulator. Three replicate plot experiments were conducted with swine slurry and cattle manure at agronomic nitrogen application rates. Low amounts of bacterial indicators (1.9-4.7%) are released in runoff water from swine-slurry-amended soils, whereas greater amounts (1.1-28.3%) of these indicators are released in runoff water from cattle-manure-amended soils. Microbial and chemical markers from animal manure were transferred to runoff water, allowing discrimination between swine and cattle fecal contamination in the environment via runoff after manure spreading. Host-specific bacterial and chemical markers were quantified for the first time in runoff waters samples after the experimental spreading of swine slurry or cattle manure.
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Submitted on : Friday, September 7, 2012 - 3:31:14 PM
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Anne Jaffrézic, Emilie Jarde, A.M. Pourcher, M. Gourmelon, M.P. Caprais, et al.. Microbial and chemical markers: runoff transfer in animal manure-amended soils. Journal of Environmental Quality, Crop Science Society of America, 2011, 40 (3), pp.959-68. ⟨10.2134/jeq2010.0355⟩. ⟨hal-00729293⟩

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