Host range limitation caused by incomplete host regulation in an aphid parasitoid

Abstract : Defining host ranges in parasitoid insects is important both from a theoretical and an applied point of view. Based on the literature, some species seem able to use a wide range of hosts, while field studies indicate possible local host specialization. In koinobiont endoparasitoid species, such specialization could involve physiological processes. We tested the ability of two strains of the cosmopolitan and polyphagous parasitoid Diaeretiella rapae, to develop in three of its recorded aphid host species. Both strains produced high parasitism rates on the cabbage aphid Brevicoryne brassicae and the green peach aphid Myzus persicae but almost no progeny on the cherry-oat aphid Rhopalosiphum padi. This last species was less attacked by female parasitoids. Moreover, parasitoid eggs and larvae were smaller than in the two other host aphid species and their development was delayed. This abnormal development appeared to be due to an incomplete host regulation process, probably related to the low number and the size of teratocytes produced by D. rapae in R. padi individuals. Such a failure as far as gaining control of the host's metabolism is concerned could play an important role in shaping the host range of parasitoid insects, leading to local variation of the host spectrum in populations from various geographical areas. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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Anne Le Ralec, A. Ribule, A. Barragan, Yannick Outreman. Host range limitation caused by incomplete host regulation in an aphid parasitoid. Journal of Insect Physiology, Elsevier, 2011, 57 (3), pp.363-371. ⟨10.1016/j.jinsphys.2010.12.002⟩. ⟨hal-00729300⟩

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