Do past experience and competitive ability influence foraging strategies of parasitoids under interspecific competition?

Abstract : 1. In solitary parasitoids, several species can exploit the same host patch and competition could potentially be a strong selective agent as only one individual can emerge from a host. In cereal crops, Aphidius rhopalosiphi and A. ervi share the grain aphid Sitobion avenae as host. 2. The present work studied foraging strategies of both species on patches already exploited by the other species. The study analysed larval competition in multi-parasitised hosts and compared the foraging behaviour of females with and without previous experience. 3. It was found that A. ervi wins larval competition three times more often than A. rhopalosiphi . Both species spent less time on patches exploited by a heterospecific than on unexploited ones. When they foraged on heterospecifically exploited patches, experienced females induced less mortality in aphids than inexperienced ones. 4. Although A. rhopalosiphi is a specialist on cereal aphids and is the most abundant species due to its early appearance in the season, S. avenae is still a profitable host for A. ervi , because: (i) A. rhopalosiphi leaves patches partially exploited, (ii) A. ervi wins larval competition in three out of four multi-parasitised hosts, and (iii) A. ervi is only slightly deterred by the cornicular secretions of the host and can thus easily parasitise hosts.
Type de document :
Article dans une revue
Ecological Entomology, Wiley, 2008, 33 (6), pp.691-700. 〈10.1111/j.1365-2311.2008.01017.x〉
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Soumis le : lundi 10 novembre 2008 - 14:41:46
Dernière modification le : mercredi 5 décembre 2018 - 17:42:06

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Cécile Le Lann, Yannick Outreman, Jacques Van Alphen, Liliane Krespi, Jean-Sébastien Pierre, et al.. Do past experience and competitive ability influence foraging strategies of parasitoids under interspecific competition?. Ecological Entomology, Wiley, 2008, 33 (6), pp.691-700. 〈10.1111/j.1365-2311.2008.01017.x〉. 〈hal-00337993〉

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