Substitution of dietary oleic acid for myristic acid increases the tissue storage of alpha-linolenic acid and the concentration of docosahexaenoic acid in the brain, red blood cells and plasma in the rat

Abstract : Various strategies have been developed to increase the cellular level of (n-3) polyunsaturated fatty acids in animals and humans. In the present study, we investigated the effect of dietary myristic acid, which represents 9% to 12% of fatty acids in milk fat, on the storage of a-linolenic acid and its conversion to highly unsaturated (n-3) fatty acid derivatives. Five isocaloric diets were designed, containing equal amounts of a-linolenic acid (1.3% of dietary fatty acids, i.e. 0.3% of dietary energy) and linoleic acid (7.0% of fatty acids, i.e. 1.5% of energy). Myristic acid was supplied from traces to high levels (0%, 5%, 10%, 20% and 30% of fatty acids, i.e. 0% to 6.6% of energy). To keep the intake of total fat and other saturated fatty acids constant, substitution was made with decreasing levels of oleic acid (76.1% to 35.5% of fatty acids, i.e. 16.7% to 7 8% of energy) that is considered to be neutral in lipid metabolism. After 8 weeks, results on physiological parameters showed that total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol did not differ in the diets containing 0%, 5% and 10% myristic acid, but were significantly higher in the diet containing 30% myristic acid. In all the tissues, a significant increasing effect of the substitution of oleic acid for myristic acid was shown on the level of both a-linolenic and linoleic acids. Compared with the rats fed the diet containing no myristic acid, docosahexaenoic acid significantly increased in the brain and red blood cells of the rats fed the diet with 30% myristic acid and in the plasma of the rats fed the diet with 20% myristic acid. Arachidonic acid also increased in the brain of the rats fed the diet with 30% myristic acid. By measuring Delta 6-desaturase activity, we found a significant increase in the liver of the rats fed the diet containing 10% of myristic acid but no effect at higher levels of myristic acid. These results suggest that an increase in dietary myristic acid may contribute in increasing significantly the tissue storage of a-linolenic acid and the overall bioavailability of (n-3) polyunsaturated fatty acids in the brain, red blood cells and plasma, and that mechanisms other than the single Delta 6-desaturase activity are involved in this effect.
Type de document :
Article dans une revue
animal, Cambridge University Press (CUP), 2008, 2 (4), pp.636-644
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Soumis le : vendredi 7 septembre 2012 - 16:01:41
Dernière modification le : lundi 18 décembre 2017 - 15:54:01

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  • HAL Id : hal-00729914, version 1

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Vincent Rioux, Daniel Catheline, Erwan Beauchamp, J. Le Bloc'H, Frédérique Pédrono, et al.. Substitution of dietary oleic acid for myristic acid increases the tissue storage of alpha-linolenic acid and the concentration of docosahexaenoic acid in the brain, red blood cells and plasma in the rat. animal, Cambridge University Press (CUP), 2008, 2 (4), pp.636-644. 〈hal-00729914〉

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