Management systems with extended milking intervals in ruminants: regulation of production and quality of milk.

Pierre-Guy Marnet 1, * Moussa Komara 1
* Auteur correspondant
Abstract : This paper aims to compare different adaptive responses of the mammary gland of cows, ewes, and goats submitted to extended milking intervals in different systems of management. Depending on the species, these extended milking intervals can be characterized by the following milk removal approaches; 3 milkings every 2 d, elimination of 1 milking per week (i.e., 13 vs. 14 milkings per week), and once-daily milking with additional suckling (i.e., dual purpose system of suckling and milking) or without suckling (exclusive once-daily milking). All the high-yielding animals and breeds adapted without problems to being submitted to intervals between milking less than 20 to 21 h. Under these conditions, all ruminant species demonstrated only low and transitory variations in milk production and quality. Thus, management systems using such an interval are good tools for the dairy producer who wants to save time without important adverse economic impact. When animals have good mammary gland health, these management systems can be applied without preliminary adaptation. However, goats and some breeds of dairy ewes seem to adapt to once-daily milking better than cows. Additionally, goats and ewes with higher production levels demonstrate a lower reduction in milk yield. With goats, there is only a limited variation in milk quality and cheese-making capacity of the milk produced, but ewes and cows show a significant enrichment of milk constituents, especially in fat. This indicates some differences in the regulation of lactose, protein, and fat synthesis depending on the duration of the milking interval and provides interesting models for physiological studies on milk secretion and synthesis regulation. Anatomical and physiological characteristics of lactating cows and ewes, in terms of cisternal vs. alveolar volumes within the mammary glands, could contribute to different abilities in adaptation to different milking systems. In goats, however, other mechanisms, such as compliancy of the mammary gland and regulation of tight junction impermeability, could be involved in milk secretion regulation and, thus, could become new targets for genetic selection of animals better adapted to accept extended milking intervals.
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Journal of Animal Science, American Society of Animal Science, 2008, 86 (13 Suppl), pp.47-56. 〈10.2527/jas.2007-0285〉
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Pierre-Guy Marnet, Moussa Komara. Management systems with extended milking intervals in ruminants: regulation of production and quality of milk.. Journal of Animal Science, American Society of Animal Science, 2008, 86 (13 Suppl), pp.47-56. 〈10.2527/jas.2007-0285〉. 〈hal-00729926〉

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