Localizing Starch Reserves in Mandevilla sanderi (Hemsl.) Woodson Using a Combined Histochemical and Biochemical Approach

Abstract : Mandevilla sanderi is a plant of tropical origin of great horticultural interest because of its abundant flowering and its persistent foliage. Vegetative propagation requires the removal of leafy branches on the mother plant to produce cuttings. This loss of biomass must be compensated for by the growth of new branches thanks to the mobilization of reserves within the plant. Lack of knowledge about the physiology of this species therefore makes it necessary to characterize its different organs both at the level of their anatomic organization as well as at the level of their ability to store starch. After histological characterization of the different organs (leaves, stems, and roots), starch reserves were localized by histochemical analysis and quantified by biochemical analysis. Starch grains are mainly found in the parenchymatous cortex, the parenchymatous pith and xylem parenchyma cells, in tuberous roots and stems, and in the palisade and spongy mesophyll of leaves. In 22-week-old plants, the greatest quantity of starch is found in the leaves, whereas the tuberous roots have the highest concentration. The histological description of the different organs of Mandevilla sanderi and the localization of starch reserves allow us to assess the potential role of the different organs in plant growth and development. In the particular case of mother plant management, it is hoped that this knowledge will make it possible to optimize conditions for removing leafy branches.
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Submitted on : Friday, September 7, 2012 - 4:06:57 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, March 21, 2018 - 4:08:10 PM

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W. Boutebtoub, M. Chevalier, Jean-Claude Mauget, M. Sigogne, P. Morel, et al.. Localizing Starch Reserves in Mandevilla sanderi (Hemsl.) Woodson Using a Combined Histochemical and Biochemical Approach. HortScience, American Society for Horticultural Science, 2009, 44 (7), pp.1879-1883. ⟨hal-00730010⟩

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