Reproduction in a variable environment: How does Eupelmus vuilleti, a parasitoid wasp, adjust oogenesis to host availability?

Abstract : Oogenesis of the parasitoid wasp Eupelmus vuilleti is known to be dependent on host availability. However, examination of ovarian dynamics by microscopy showed that oogenesis and vitellogenesis are initiated before female eclosion and proceed 1-2 days after, independent of host presence. Oogenesis continued beyond the 2nd day only in the presence of hosts, otherwise it was replaced by egg resorption. It is thus possible to distinguish between host-independent and host-dependent periods of oogenesis. In the presence of host, each ovariole (three per ovary) contained generally three oocytes: a fully mature oocyte, a nearly mature one and an immature one. However, host deprived-females resorbed their most mature and their smallest oocytes, but kept one almost mature oocyte per ovariole. Comparison of zero, short and long host deprivation periods showed that females always had the ability to quickly lay eggs to exploit any new host. However, increased deprivation led to a reduction in the number and the viability of eggs. Enzymo-immunological measurements of ecdysteroids were made in whole females, in dissected ovaries and in newly laid eggs. Our results indicated that ecdysteroids play a major role as circulating hormones involved in the regulation of oogenesis.
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Article dans une revue
Journal of Insect Physiology, Elsevier, 2009, 55 (7), pp.643-8. 〈10.1016/j.jinsphys.2009.04.003〉
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Soumis le : vendredi 7 septembre 2012 - 16:07:04
Dernière modification le : samedi 24 mars 2018 - 01:26:39

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A. Bodin, Bruno Jaloux, J.P. Delbecque, F. Vannier, J.P. Monge, et al.. Reproduction in a variable environment: How does Eupelmus vuilleti, a parasitoid wasp, adjust oogenesis to host availability?. Journal of Insect Physiology, Elsevier, 2009, 55 (7), pp.643-8. 〈10.1016/j.jinsphys.2009.04.003〉. 〈hal-00730067〉

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