Once-daily milking effects in high-yielding Alpine dairy goats.

Abstract : Two experiments were conducted to determine the milk loss of high-yielding Alpine goats resulting from once-daily milking (ODM) and its relationship to udder cisternal size. We investigated the effects of application of this management strategy on milk yield, composition, and technological parameters: lipolysis, fat globule size, and cheese yield. In a second experiment, we investigated the effect of repeated periods of ODM management during lactation. Goats at the beginning of both experiments were at 25 d in milk on average and were previously milked twice daily (twice-daily milking; TDM). In experiment 1, which was conducted for 2 periods (P) of 9 wk (P1, P2), 48 goats were grouped (1, 2, 3, and 4) according to milk yield, parity, and somatic cell count (SCC). Over the 2 periods, goats from group 1 were managed with TDM and those from group 2 were managed with ODM. In group 3, goats were assigned to TDM during P1 and ODM during P2, conversely, those in group 4 were assigned to ODM in P1 and TDM in P2. During P1, the 12 goats from group 3 underwent 2 distinct morning machine milkings to measure milk repartition (cisternal and alveolar) in the udder based on the "atosiban method." On P1 plus the P2 period of 18 wk, milk loss caused by ODM (compared with TDM) was 16%. In our condition of 24-h milk accumulation, there was no correlation between milk loss and udder cisternal size. Milk fat content, fat globule size, or apparent laboratory cheese yield was not modified by ODM, but milk protein content (+2.7 g/kg), casein (+1.8 g/kg), milk soluble protein concentration (+1.0 g/kg), and SCC increased, whereas lipolysis decreased (-0.3 mEq/100 g of oleic acid). In experiment 2, which was conducted for 4 periods (P1, P2, P3, P4) of 5 wk each, 8 goats, blocked into 2 homogenous groups (5 and 6), were used to study the effects of a double inversion of milking frequency (TDM or ODM) for 20 wk of lactation. Milk loss was 17% and ODM did not modify milk fat or protein contents, SCC, casein, or milk soluble protein concentration, but lipolysis was decreased (-0.3 mEq/100 g of oleic acid). Neither experiment showed the effects of period of ODM management on milk yield, milk fat or protein content, SCC, fat globule size, lipolysis, casein, milk soluble protein concentration, or apparent laboratory cheese yield.
Type de document :
Article dans une revue
Journal of Dairy Science, American Dairy Science Association, 2009, 92 (11), pp.5447-55. 〈10.3168/jds.2009-2179〉
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M. Komara, M. Boutinaud, H. Ben Chedly, Jocelyne Guinard-Flament, Pierre-Guy Marnet. Once-daily milking effects in high-yielding Alpine dairy goats.. Journal of Dairy Science, American Dairy Science Association, 2009, 92 (11), pp.5447-55. 〈10.3168/jds.2009-2179〉. 〈hal-00730133〉



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