Suppression of ovarian secretions before puberty strongly affects mammogenesis in the goat

Abstract : The objective of this study was to provide insight into the biological mechanisms underlying mammary development and the role of the ovaries in prepubertal caprine mammogenesis using a serial ovariectomy approach. Young Alpine goats were ovariectomized (Ovx) or sham-operated (Int) at three periods before puberty (G1=1 month, G2=2 month and G3=3 months of age) and one after puberty (G7=7 months of age). The goats were slaughtered at 9 months of age and mammary glands were removed. Ovariectomy performed at 1, 2 and 3 months of age caused a 50% reduction in DNA concentration, in mammary tissue taken from the parenchyma-stroma border region. Morphological analysis of mammary tissue sections indicated that the parenchymal structures of Ovx goats were negatively affected by ovariectomy. Goats ovariectomized before 2 months of age (Ovx-1 and Ovx-2) showed a significant decrease in the percent of cells proliferating in mammary glands of 9-month old goats (proliferating cell nuclear antigen expression and antigen Ki67-positive cell number). Also, goats ovariectomized at 1 and 2 months of age had reduced matrix metalloprotease 2 activity at 9 months of age. E-cadherin was strongly decreased in goats ovariectomized before 2 months of age (80 and 85% in Ovx-1 and Ovx-2 goats, respectively). Quantitative PCR analysis of transcripts encoding for oestrogen (ERalpha) and progesterone receptors (PR) and immunodetection of ERalpha showed that ovariectomy at 1 and 2 months of age strongly inhibited the transcription of ERalpha and PR in the mammary gland. We conclude that ovariectomy before 3 months of age markedly impaired parenchymal development. These findings suggest that prepubertal mammogenesis in goats depends on the ovaries to initiate mammary epithelial cell proliferation and mammary gland remodelling.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, July 3, 2013 - 5:36:21 PM
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L. Yart, L. Finot, Pierre-Guy Marnet, F. Dessauge. Suppression of ovarian secretions before puberty strongly affects mammogenesis in the goat. Journal of Dairy Research, Cambridge University Press (CUP), 2012, 79 (2), pp.157-167. ⟨10.1017/S0022029912000106⟩. ⟨hal-00841091⟩

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