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Prediction of drying of dairy products using a modified weight scale-based desorption method

Abstract : A thermodynamic approach based on a desorption method has recently been developed to evaluate the behaviour of dairy concentrates during drying. Involving overall heat and mass balance throughout the dryer, this approach can determine several key gas-feed parameters for industrial spray drying processes. Spray drying software (SD²P®) was then designed following this approach to predict the optimal inlet drying air temperatures with acceptable accuracy (95-99% accuracy) for spray drying of dairy products. However, the mass change of the sample was indirectly determined from the change in the relative humidity of the air during desorption, which could be a source of error below the detection threshold of the thermo-hygrometric sensor. In order to measure directly the mass change during drying by desorption, a modified drying by desorption method was investigated in this study. The novel method used a precise weight scale and a modified desorption cell which permitted measurement of the mass change of the sample and the relative humidity of the air at the same time. Different materials (water, skim milk, infant formulae, etc) were tested using this new method. The results obtained with direct (weight scale) and indirect (thermo-hygrometer) measurements were found to be highly consistent: the average difference was less than 2% and the coefficient of determination 0.99. This confirmed that the mass change estimation by the original desorption method was correct overall at current conditions. On the other hand, the proposed new desorption method makes it possible to monitor water transfer with constant accuracy over the entire desorption, thus permitting reliable study of the mass transfer phenomena throughout experiments.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, January 7, 2014 - 10:51:33 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, April 6, 2022 - 4:08:11 PM


  • HAL Id : hal-00924780, version 1


P. Zhu, S. Mejean, E. Blanchard, Romain Jeantet, P. Schuck. Prediction of drying of dairy products using a modified weight scale-based desorption method. 5. International Symposium on the Spray Dried Dairy Products, Jun 2012, Saint Malo (FR), France. ⟨hal-00924780⟩



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