Conflits locaux liés aux élevages porcins en Bretagne. Regards croisés de différents acteurs du territoire en vue de favoriser une meilleure concertation locale

Abstract : Local conflicts related to pig farm extension. Social determinants and challenges : exchange of opinions of various actors in the territory to favor better local dialogue Among breeding activities, pig production is one of the most deeply involved in the question of social vision. Indeed, it often symbolizes for non‐agricultural people the inconveniences related to livestock productions. So, pig farm extension projects are more often disputed. In 2013, a case study of conflicts related to porcine projects in Brittany, through the point of view of pig breeders, demonstrated the role of three major determiners in the occurrence of conflicts: neighbours' fear of annoyance or damage, failures of the pig‐breeders' social or behavioural position in their living environment and their difficulties to understand and take into account opponents' expectations. But these conclusions were based only on the perception of the breeders and their partners while conflicts involve a diversity of actors. This second study, from a new series of conversations, aims to compare the opinion of various actors in the territories, favorable or unfavorable to the projects, to allow a better understanding of controversies about pig farming. This report considers their visions of pig farming and farmers and also the arguments and strategies used during the conflicts, highlighting, beyond the role of the fear by local citizens of annoyances or decreased property values, the existence of more general determiners such as the social or environmental context. It underlines that localized conflicts can in fact be considered as symptoms not only of the rural space evolution but also of the transformation of public decision and action. It allows the development of recommendations to favor dialogue, instead of a simple communication, when elaborating projects.
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Marie-Laurence Grannec, Mathilde Salinas, Yannick Ramonet, Philippe Boudes. Conflits locaux liés aux élevages porcins en Bretagne. Regards croisés de différents acteurs du territoire en vue de favoriser une meilleure concertation locale . 47 ème journées de la recherche porcine 2015, INRA, Feb 2015, PARIS, France. pp.209-214. ⟨hal-01543337⟩

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