Dossier : La fabrique de la compensation écologique : controverses et pratiques Regards d’écologues sur le premier site naturel de compensation français

Abstract : The first French ecological offset area was inaugurated on May 11th 2009 at the site of an abandoned orchard in the Crau plain (Bouches-du-Rhône department, France). One of the objectives of this intervention was to test the first French mitigation bank rehabilitating the herbaceous vegetation in order to encourage the return of steppe birds emblematic of this area. The ecologists involved in the local steering committee proposed rehabilitation techniques and assessed their impact on biodiversity while at the same time carrying out experimental research designed to extend the restoration process to plant communities and some groups of insects. The results of various studies showed that the rehabilitation scheme led to the development of a plant community favorable to the return of steppe birds. However, the long-term results of the restoration experiments cannot be definitively predicted. Thus, these results highlight the scientific and technical difficulties facing the restoration process and hence restrict the compensation mechanism to the rehabilitation of some of their components or functions.
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Thierry Dutoit, Renaud Jaunatre, Jean-François Alignan, Adeline Bulot, Axel Wolff, et al.. Dossier : La fabrique de la compensation écologique : controverses et pratiques Regards d’écologues sur le premier site naturel de compensation français. Natures Sciences Sociétés, EDP Sciences, 2018, 26 (2), pp.215 - 222. ⟨10.1051/nss/2018038⟩. ⟨hal-01883777⟩

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