Comment favoriser la fourniture de biens publics d’origine agricole en Europe ? : "Les gens ne viennent pas voir la qualité de l’eau dans un ruisseau, ils viennent voir un paysage"

Abstract : Abstract – This article analyzes the confrontation modes of professional logic of publicof farmers provisioning Public Goods (PG) with public policies designed to supportthe production of these goods. The introduction situates in a perspective of long-termcharacteristics of the recent emergence of the concept of public goods in the negotiationsof the Common Agricultural Policy. It also presents the methodological elements underlyingthe results are field surveys conducted in 2012 and 2013 in four agricultural areas in Europe(Pieniny in Poland, Haut Var and Marne in France, Exmoor National Park Great-Britain).The article then consists of four sections. The first section shows that the confrontation ofprofessional logic of farmers and public policies gives rise to two types of PG: the first,spontaneously produces and mainly observed in the Pieniny and Haut Var, are produced bythe systemic logic farmers’ production regardless of the existence of public support. The latter,observed mainly in the Marne and the Exmoor National Park, are the product of a coerciveor very strong incentive injunction of public policy, and correspond to the expression of asocial demand that does not necessarily meet the logic of farmers. Spontaneous PG presentin “bouquet” coherent due to the farming systemic logic that generates them. The secondsection shows that no situation is frozen, some PG evolving from one category to anotheraccording to changing professional identities farmers or destruction of dynamic/protection ofthese goods carried by public action along time. The third and final section systematize theseobservations in a synthetic scheme and offers some lessons learned from these case studies onthe most public policies that can support both types of PG, respectively.
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Catherine Darrot, Diane Giorgis, Jean-Paul Billaud, Philippe Boudes. Comment favoriser la fourniture de biens publics d’origine agricole en Europe ? : "Les gens ne viennent pas voir la qualité de l’eau dans un ruisseau, ils viennent voir un paysage". Revue d'Etudes en Agriculture et Environnement - Review of agricultural and environmental studies, INRA Editions, 2016. ⟨hal-01885216⟩

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