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Intracellular osmoprotectant concentrations determine Propionibacterium freudenreichii survival during drying

Abstract : Propionibacterium freudenreichii is a beneficial bacterium widely used in food as a probiotic and as a cheese-ripening starter. In these different applications, it is produced, dried, and stored before being used. Both freeze-drying and spray-drying were considered for this purpose. Freeze-drying is a discontinuous process that is energy-consuming but that allows high cell survival. Spray-drying is a continuous process that is more energy-efficient but that can lead to massive bacterial death related to heat, osmotic, and oxidative stresses. We have shown that P. freudenreichii cultivated in hyperconcentrated rich media can be spray-dried with limited bacterial death. However, the general stress tolerance conferred by this hyperosmotic constraint remained a black box. In this study, we modulated P. freudenreichii growth conditions and monitored both osmoprotectant accumulation and stress tolerance acquisition. Changing the ratio between the carbohydrates provided and non-protein nitrogen during growth under osmotic constraint modulated osmoprotectant accumulation. This, in turn, was correlated with P. freudenreichii tolerance towards different stresses, on the one hand, and towards freeze-drying and spray-drying, on the other. Surprisingly, trehalose accumulation correlated with spray-drying survival and glycine betaine accumulation with freeze-drying. This first report showing the ability to modulate the trehalose/GB ratio in osmoprotectants accumulated by a probiotic bacterium opens new perspectives for the optimization of probiotics production.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, February 26, 2020 - 4:30:44 PM
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Floriane Gaucher, Houem Rabah, Koffigan Kponouglo, Sylvie Bonnassie, Sandrine Pottier, et al.. Intracellular osmoprotectant concentrations determine Propionibacterium freudenreichii survival during drying. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, Springer Verlag, 2020, 104 (7), pp.3145-3156. ⟨10.1007/s00253-020-10425-1⟩. ⟨hal-02492112⟩

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