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Green macroalgae blooms (Ulva spp.) influence trophic ecology of juvenile flatfish differently in sandy beach nurseries

Abstract : Opportunistic green macroalgae blooms increasingly affect coastal areas worldwide. Understanding their impacts on organisms that use this zone, such as juvenile flatfish, is critical. By combining stable isotope data, digestive tract contents and community analyses of flatfish and their potential prey (benthic macroinvertebrates) from two North-East Atlantic sandy beaches (one impacted by blooms and one not), we detected similar and species-specific trophic changes among three co-occurring species (sand sole, plaice and turbot). Across flatfish species, juveniles displayed more opportunistic foraging behavior at the impacted site. Differently, plaice and sand sole relied more on the additional basal resource (Ulva spp.) than turbot. Finally, sand sole and turbot presented a stronger diet shift at the impacted site than plaice. We hypothesize that the species-specific response to the blooms are mostly driven by how the flatfish detect their prey (using visual and/or chemical cues) and when they forage (diurnal or nocturnal foraging).
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https://hal-agrocampus-ouest.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02612654
Contributor : Catherine Cliquet <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, May 19, 2020 - 1:33:45 PM
Last modification on : Friday, September 4, 2020 - 9:10:20 PM

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Auriane Jones, Nolwenn Quillien, Axel Fabvre, Jacques Grall, Gauthier Schaal, et al.. Green macroalgae blooms (Ulva spp.) influence trophic ecology of juvenile flatfish differently in sandy beach nurseries. Marine Environmental Research, Elsevier, 2020, 154, pp.104843. ⟨10.1016/j.marenvres.2019.104843⟩. ⟨hal-02612654⟩

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