Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Journal articles

The HARPS search for southern extra-solar planets XXXVIII. Bayesian re-analysis of three systems. New super-Earths, unconfirmed signals, and magnetic cycles

Abstract : We present the analysis of the entire HARPS observations of three stars that host planetary systems: HD1461, HD40307, and HD204313. The data set spans eight years and contains more than 200 nightly averaged velocity measurements for each star. This means that it is sensitive to both long-period and low-mass planets and also to the effects induced by stellar activity cycles. We modelled the data using Keplerian functions that correspond to planetary candidates and included the short-and long-term effects of magnetic activity. A Bayesian approach was taken both for the data modelling, which allowed us to include information from activity proxies such as log (R'(HK)) in the velocity modelling, and for the model selection, which permitted determining the number of significant signals in the system. The Bayesian model comparison overcomes the limitations inherent to the traditional periodogram analysis. We report an additional super-Earth planet in the HD1461 system. Four out of the six planets previously reported for HD40307 are confirmed and characterised. We discuss the remaining two proposed signals. In particular, we show that when the systematic uncertainty associated with the techniques for estimating model probabilities are taken into account, the current data are not conclusive concerning the existence of the habitable-zone candidate HD40307 g. We also fully characterise the Neptune-mass planet that orbits HD204313 in 34.9 days.
Complete list of metadata

https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01440711
Contributor : Christian Surace Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, September 14, 2021 - 4:02:38 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 15, 2021 - 3:28:19 AM

File

aa26729-15.pdf
Publisher files allowed on an open archive

Licence


Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Identifiers

Citation

R. F. Diaz, D. Segransan, S. Udry, C. Lovis, F. Pepe, et al.. The HARPS search for southern extra-solar planets XXXVIII. Bayesian re-analysis of three systems. New super-Earths, unconfirmed signals, and magnetic cycles. Astronomy and Astrophysics - A&A, EDP Sciences, 2016, 585, ⟨10.1051/0004-6361/201526729⟩. ⟨hal-01440711⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

422

Files downloads

29